Bladder Cancer

General Information About Bladder Cancer

Get bladder cancer surgeon in Gurgaon, Cancer occurs when a person’s genes become damaged, which can lead to abnormal cell growth. These cells may spread to other parts of the body, forming tumors.

Bladder cancer is an illness that causes cancerous (cancer) cells grow within the tissues of the bladder. Smoking may increase the risk of developing bladder cancer. A sign and symptom of bladder cancer may include blood in the urine as well as discomfort during urination. Tests to examine the bladder and urine are used to identify bladder cancer. Certain factors influence prognosis (chance of recovering) and the treatment options.

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Bladder cancer can be described as a form of cancer where tumor (cancer) cells grow within the bladder's tissues. bladder.

It is an organ that sits hollow located in the lower region inside the abdomen. It's shape is similar to an inflatable balloon. It is surrounded by a muscle wall that permits it to expand or shrink in order to store the urine created through the kidneys. Two kidneys are present that are located on both sides of the backbone, just above the waist. Small kidney tubules remove blood toxins and cleanse it. They eliminate waste and create urine. The urine is pumped out of each kidney through a tube known as a ureter to the bladder. The bladder stores this urine until the time it goes through the urethra, and then leaves the body.

There are three kinds of bladder cancers that start within the cells of the bladder's lining. The names of these cancers refer to the kind of cells which develop malignant:

Cancer found in the bladder's lining is known as"superficial bladder cancer. The cancer that spreads to the bladder's lining and has invaded the muscles of the bladder or has spread to adjacent lymph nodes and organs is known as an invasive bladder cancer.

Smoking can affect the risk of bladder cancer.

Anything that can increase your chances of developing the disease is known as risk factors. Being a risk factor doesn't guarantee that you'll develop cancer. However, the absence of risk factors doesn't mean you won't be diagnosed with cancer. Consult your physician to determine if you might be at risk of bladder cancer.

Risk factors for bladder cancer include the following:

Getting Older in age is a common risk factor for most of the cancers. The risk of developing cancer rises as you get older.

The signs and signs of bladder cancer include urine blood and pain while urinating.

These, along with other symptoms and signs could result from bladder cancer or other ailments. Consult your physician for any of these symptoms:

Diagnose bladder cancer by following tests used to examine the urine and bladder

The following tests and procedures may be used:

  1. Physical exam and health history: Examening the body to look for general health indicators and to look for indications of illness, like lumps, swelling or any other sign that is odd. An account of the patient's lifestyle and previous ailments and treatments will also be considered.

  2. Internal exam: An exam of the vagina and/or the rectum. Doctor inserts oil-lubricated gloved fingers inside the vagina and/or rectum in order to look for lumps.

  3. Urinalysis: An examination to examine the hue of urine as well as its contents, like proteins, sugar and red blood cells and white blood cells.

  4. Urine cytology: A test performed in a laboratory, that involves the urine sample is examined under a microscope to detect abnormal cells.

  5. Cystoscopy: A cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. Fluid is used to fill the bladder. The doctor looks at an image of the inner wall of the bladder on a computer monitor to check for abnormal areas.

  6. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): A series of x-rays taken of kidneys, the ureters and bladder to determine the presence of cancer within these organs. The contrast color is introduced into the vein. When the contrast dye travels through the ureters, kidneys and bladder, xrays are taken to check whether there is any blockage.

  7. Biopsy: Removal of tissues or cells so they can be observed under the microscope of an expert pathologist to look for indications of cancer. Biopsies for cancer of the bladder are typically performed through cystoscopy. It could be possible to eliminate the entire tumor in a the biopsy.

The prognosis depends on the following:

If the cancer is superficial, prognosis also depends on the following:

Treatment options vary based upon the severity of bladder cancer.

Stages of Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a possibility to be recurrent (come again) after having been treated.

When bladder cancer is detected the tests are performed to determine whether cancerous cells have spread to the bladder, or to other organs of the body.

The process of finding the extent to which cancer has spread inside the bladder lining, muscle, or to other regions within the human body, is known as staging. The data collected during this process will determine the level of cancer. It is essential to identify the stage so that you can determine the best treatment plan. The tests and procedures listed below can be employed during the staging procedure:

  1. CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure which produces a series of high-quality images of different parts of the body captured from various angles. The images are created using a computer that is connected by an x-ray scanner.

  2. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): A procedure that makes use of a magnet, radio waves as well as a computer produce a series of high-quality pictures of specific areas within the body, like the brain. The process is also known as the nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI).

  3. PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to identify malignant tumor cells inside the body. The sugar (sugar) is instilled into the vein. The PET scanner turns around the body and creates images of how glucose is utilized within the body. Malignant tumor cells appear more brightly in the image due to the fact that they're more energetic and able to take the most glucose than regular cells. This test is performed to determine if there are tumor cells that are malignant within the lymph nodes.

  4. Chest x-ray: An x-ray of organs and bones in the chest. An x-ray is a kind of energy beam that could traverse the body, and on to film, creating a representation of the organs and areas within the body.

  5. Bone scan: The procedure is used to determine if there are rapidly growing cells, like cancer cells, inside the bone. A small quantity of radioactive substance is in a vein and is then circulated across the bloodstream. The radioactive material accumulates in the bones of patients with the presence of cancer. It is then detected with the scanner.

Treatment Option

There are different types of treatment for patients with bladder cancer.

Five types of standard treatment are used:

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Immunotherapy
  5. Targeted therapy

New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.

Treatment for bladder cancer may cause side effects.

Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial.

Patients can participate in clinical trials prior to or during or after they have started their treatment for cancer.

Follow-up tests may be needed.

There are various types of treatment options for patients with bladder cancer.

Different kinds of treatment are offered to patients suffering from bladder cancer. There are some treatments that are common (the current treatment) while others are currently being evaluated through clinical trials. A clinical trial for treatment is a type of study that aims to enhance existing treatments or gain data on the latest treatments available for cancer patients. When clinical trials demonstrate that the new treatment is superior than the conventional treatment and the new treatment could be a standard cancer treatment. Patients may consider participating in an investigational trial. Certain clinical trials are available only to those who haven't begun treatment.

Five kinds of treatment that are standard: Surgery:

The following kinds of surgery can be carried out:

Once the surgeon has removed all cancerous cells that could be detected at the time of operation, some patients might receive chemotherapy following surgery to eliminate any cancerous cells left. The treatment given after surgery, to decrease the chance that cancer will return is known as adjuvant treatment.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is a treatment that utilizes high-energy x rays or other forms that use radiation in order to destroy cancerous cells or stop them from advancing. External radiation therapy utilizes an outside device to deliver radiation towards the body part which is affected by cancer.


Chemotherapy is a form of cancer treatment which uses drugs to slow the growth of cancerous cells in either a way of killing the cells or preventing their growth. When chemotherapy is administered by mouth or injecting into the muscle or vein or a muscle, the drug enters the bloodstream and may be absorbed by cancerous tissues throughout the entire human body (systemic chemotherapy).

If chemotherapy is administered in the brain liquid, any organ, body cavity, such as in the abdominal area, these drugs are primarily target cancerous cells in these regions (regional chemotherapy). For bladder cancer, the regional chemotherapy could occur as intravesical (put into the bladder using tubes that are inserted into the urinary tract). The method by which chemotherapy is administered depends on the stage and type of cancer that is being treated. Combination chemotherapy means treatment that involves multiple anticancer drugs.


Immunotherapy is a therapy that relies on the body's immune system to combat cancer. Chemicals produced by the body or created in a lab are utilized to increase and direct your body's defense against cancer. The treatment for cancer is a form of biologic treatment.

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy refers to a specific type of treatment that utilizes chemicals or other substances to target and destroy certain cancerous cells. These therapies generally result in less damage to healthy cells than radiation or chemotherapy therapy can.

The following targeted therapies are approved by the FDA for patients suffering from bladder cancer which is local in advanced stage or is spreading to various areas within the human body:

Follow-up tests may be needed.

A few of the tests performed to determine the presence of cancer or to determine the stage of cancer could be repeated. Certain tests are repeated to determine how well the treatment performing. The decision to continue or alter the course of treatment can be dependent on those results.

A few tests will continue to be conducted at times after treatment is complete. These tests could determine if your situation has changed or if cancer has returned (come again). The tests are often referred to as follow-up tests, or check-ups.

Bladder cancer often recurs , even when the cancer is superficial. Surveillance of the urinary tract to check for recurrence is standard after a diagnosis of bladder cancer. Surveillance is closely watching a patient’s condition but not giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results that show the condition is getting worse. During active surveillance, certain exams and tests are done on a regular schedule. Surveillance may include ureteroscopy and imaging tests. consult us for bladder cancer surgeon in delhi for Gurgaon patients.