Thoracic Cancer

Overview of thoracic cancer

Thoracic cancer refers to any cancer located in the organs, glands, or structures of your thoracic cavity, or chest. This includes well-known cancers such as lung cancer (currently the second-most common cancer among both men and women) and Esophaegus cancer, as well as less common cancers such as thymus cancer and pleural cancer.

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The symptoms of thoracic cancer differ based on the particular kind of cancer and the type of tissue it is affecting. In the beginning there are usually no symptoms. As a it is, thoracic carcinoma is difficult to detect until it is in the point of progression.

When symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • A new cough that does not go away or gets worse with time
  • Changes in a chronic cough or “smoker’s cough”
  • Chest pain that worsens with laughing, deep breathing, or coughing
  • Coughing up blood or bloody or rust-colored mucus
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn, indigestion, or vomiting
  • Hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Unintentional weight loss or unexplained loss of appetite
  • Weakness

These symptoms are also common in other conditions, which means that noticing one or more doesn’t mean you have cancer. Certain people may also be diagnosed without any sign or symptoms. Going to the medical professional is the only method to be sure the truth

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Cancer occurs after accumulated damage to cellular DNA. When genes are damaged, they may mutate. These mutations can result in abnormal cell growth that could spread throughout the body. Thoracic cancers develop when the abnormal growth occurs in the chest cavity

Health experts aren't able to fully comprehend the root of every cancer, not just thoracic cancer. Biological factors such as genes (some cancers tend to run in families), age, and hormones can contribute to cell damage and increase cancer risk. Other risk factors include the environment factors, like exposure to sunlight radiation, or cancer-causing (cancer-causing) substances, such as asbestos and radioactive substances.

For thoracic cancers, lifestyle factors like diet, body weight, and smoking especially play a role. In fact, Smoking cigarettes can be linked to a 90% instances of cancers involving the lung and significantly raises the likelihood of developing esophageal cancer.


Thoracic cancer encompasses any cancer that occurs in the chest cavity which includes lung cancers, thyroid carcinomas and the tracheal (windpipe) tumors. Lung cancers are the most frequent form of thoracic cancer.

Some of the most common chest cavity cancers are:

Risk factors

The biggest risk factor for lung cancer, is the smoking. The majority of lung cancers are found among those who used to or are currently smoking. Lung cancer of the small sized cell particularly, seldom is seen in people who haven't ever smoked.

The more time you spend smoking, and the more cigarettes you smoke, the higher your risk. In the presence of other smokers, you are at risk. smoke increases the risk. It is believed that this "second-hand" smoke can cause many cases of Thoracic cancer each year.

Other common risk factors include:


Many of the exposures and factors that increase risk of thoracic cancer – such as family history, radiation, and air pollution – can’t be avoided completely.

There are still steps you can take to lower your risk, such as:

Other common risk factors include:

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Services of Thoracic Cancer