Ovarian Cancer

Overview of Ovarian Cancer

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Every female has 2 ovaries, one on right and the other on left side which produce eggs and secrete female hormones - Oestrogen and Progesterone. Ovarian cancer develops when cells lining the ovary grow in an uncontrolled fashion resulting in the formation of ovarian tumour. Cancer of the ovary ranks third among Indian women after breast cancer and cervical cancer. The average age at diagnosis of ovarian cancer is 63 years.

Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer

Risk factors which increase the likelihood of ovarian cancer include advancing age, early age at onset of periods and late age at menopause, women who have never given birth to a child, women who have never breast fed, obesity, long standing endometriosis, family history of ovarian cancer or breast cancer (mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes), family or personal history of uterine or colon cancer (Lynch syndrome).
But women can still develop ovarian cancer even in the absence of any of the above risk factors. Oral contraceptive pills, breast feeding, multiple pregnancies, removal of fallopian tubes and removal of both tubes and ovaries in women harbouring BRCA gene mutations can help in reducing the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Giva a call for appointment for doctor for ovarian cancer in Karnal.

ovarian surgical oncologist in Gurgaon

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Common symptoms of early cervical cancer include:

These symptoms are labelled as nothing more than a “middle age indigestion” and women are frequently prescribed antacids and pain killers till an ultrasound abdomen is done which reveals mass in the ovary. Women with advanced stage of the disease may present with abdominal distension as result of massive fluid collection in the abdominal cavity.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Unfortunately, there are no screening tests for ovarian cancer. Physical examination, blood tests including tumour markers and imaging studies (CT/ MRI/ PET-CT) aid in establishing a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. An ovarian mass that seems operable should never be subjected to biopsy, as it can upstage a stage I disease to stage III by causing spillage of malignant cells in the abdominal cavity.

Ovarian cancer is known as a “Silent Killer” as almost all early stage cases are asymptomatic and when symptoms do develop, the disease is usually encountered in stage III when cancer has already spread to the upper abdomen. Book an instant appointment for ovarian cancer treatment in Hisar.

Treatments for Ovarian cancer

The treatment of ovarian cancer consists of both robotic surgery and chemotherapy. It is important that the surgery for removal of ovarian mass should always be done at a centre equipped with frozen section analysis so that a comprehensive surgical staging procedure can be accomplished in the same sitting should frozen evaluation suggest malignant ovarian mass.

Advanced ovarian cancer cases may require procedures like removal of the entire peritoneal lining, bowel resections and anastomosis, stoma formation, removal of spleen, diaphragmatic resection and so these surgeries should be done in specialised oncology centres preferably by a gynecologic oncologist so as to remove the disease completely. Surgery is followed by chemotherapy to kill the cancerous cells that might have migrated in the blood stream.

In cases having extensive disease in the abdomen, sometimes few cycles of chemotherapy are given before surgery to reduce the tumour bulk which is then followed by surgery and remaining cycles of chemotherapy. Get your instant appointment in delhi